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Comment reply on Forum Topic "How To Get Windows 10 From Old Laptop to New Computer"

  • 15 days ago
  • 1 point

Documentation is why I recommend Ubuntu for new users. It's not a perfect OS (there is no completely perfect OS for me), but it's very well documented for such an easy to use distro. Some of the other well documented distros (Arch, Gentoo, etc) are rather more involved. While a portion of the Ubuntu documentation will probably work for most of its derivatives, it's still meant for Ubuntu and there could be differences in the derivatives.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "How To Get Windows 10 From Old Laptop to New Computer"

  • 16 days ago
  • 1 point

I'd agree that Ubuntu can be meh. I'm not a big fan of their customized Gnome DE, as I like a more vanilla Gnome DE. Popp!_OS is definitely good, though. Manjaro can be a little iffy sometimes, with more likelihood of having to fix it, and the community for the Arch base of Manjaro is downright toxic and hostile to anyone they determine didn't read the manual well enough (regardless of whether issue at hand was even documented anywhere). As for Solus, the Budgie DE feels good, but I didn't have it installed long enough to really play with package management enough. I clearly need to install Solus again.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "How To Get Windows 10 From Old Laptop to New Computer"

  • 16 days ago
  • 1 point

For the new-to-Linux, I'd say Ubuntu would be your best bet. You have the advantage of a wide variety of (easily installed) software for Aptitude-based systems, and there's decent documentation available (and lots of tutorials) online.

There's kind of two ways you can do it. I learned (and still do) from a combination of the two. On a computer with no existing OS, there's not much risk to either way. Depending on your patience level, you may switch approaches midway through. Honestly, the best way to learn is a combination. Get your hands dirty, but hit the books too.

  1. Jump into it headfirst. Go do https://ubuntu.com/ , download the ISO file, burn it to a flash drive, boot the new computer from the flash drive, follow the prompts in the installer, then start playing around with the new OS and learning how it works. Click on stuff, type commands, break things! The sooner you break something, the sooner you figure out how you broke it and how to fix it, and thus at least a little about how it works.

  2. Read up on Linux, Ubuntu, UNIX philosophy, the hardware you're running, Linux tutorials, etc. Get a really good sense of the process, then proceed to install the OS and practice/learn methodically.

If you want help, feel free to message me! I'm always interested in helping people explore the wide world of computers and operating systems.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Hello World"

  • 16 days ago
  • 1 point
echo good

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Gaming laptop, or prebuilt pc."

  • 16 days ago
  • 1 point

It's just like that dream Lego kit you wanted when you were a kid, but cheaper.

Side note: why do Legos cost so much???

Comment reply on Forum Topic "How To Get Windows 10 From Old Laptop to New Computer"

  • 16 days ago
  • 2 points

Short answer: no.

Long answer: Windows on the laptop would almost certainly be an OEM license and thus non-transferable. You have a few options:

  • Cough up $120-$140 for a legitimate Windows 10 retail license (retail so you can switch motherboards later).

  • Save up for Windows and not use the computer in the meantime.

  • Save up for Windows and install a Linux distro like Ubuntu in the meantime

  • Don't use Windows after all. Your main other options for an OS are one of the countless Linux operating systems, or, if you know what you're doing, a BSD variant.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "HELP! IS MY WINDOWS 10 PRO LICENSE LEGIT???"

  • 19 days ago
  • 2 points

This shouldn't be downvoted. Honestly, Linux is the proper answer instead of buying illegitimate Windows keys.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Budget minecraft server box... anything i should change?"

  • 19 days ago
  • 1 point

Also, should i do Ubuntu or windows 10?

Well, it depends on your use case. Ask yourself questions like:

  • Is is a LAN-exclusive server, or is it internet facing?

  • Is it just a server, or are you going to play games on it as well? (and if so, what games?)

  • How segmented and secure is the network and what security measures are you taking?

Windows 10 could be a security nightmare, depending on your setup and your proficiency with info sec principles and practices.

I would by default suggest Ubuntu Server (or a BSD variant) over Windows 10 for a server, but if you're planning on running an internet facing server in your house and you have no idea what you're doing, it would be better to rent hosting instead.

Do note that I don't know if I've ever seen someone on this site actually think through what it takes to properly run a server. Most people seem to just think "I'll just download the server jar and port my router and everything will be perfect." It's not that easy to do properly, and unless you're going to do it properly, you shouldn't do it.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Trying to download Windows 10 ISO onto USB via Ubuntu."

  • 1 month ago
  • 1 point

Pretty sure the last time I had to make a Windows 10 USB on a Linux distro, I just used dd on the ISO/drive... Is dd not working?

If you use the command line, it should be basically two steps - list the drives with lsblk or fdisk -l and dd the ISO to the USB drive.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "So what's "the deal" for these x99 Xeon chips?"

  • 1 month ago
  • 1 point

Off the top of my head, the v-number is the generation, e3 Xeons are desktop workstation and small server, supporting 1 socket, e5's are often found in bigger servers and workstations and are 2 sockets, e7's are for 4 socket boards and lots of cores. The e5's and e7's also support more RAM than the e3's (at least when I built with one, and probably still). L's and W's were modifies denoting different clock speeds/TDPs. Also, I think they rebranded using different names fairly recently. Now it's something like Xeon Silver, Gold, and Platinum for different lines.

I think that's all correct, it's been a while since I was looking into Xeons. It'll get you started at least.

For more info, I would recommend digging around the Intel ARK site for Xeons. That will give you more details and authoritative information that I can.

Comment reply on Unaccounted4's Completed Build: Unaccounted4's El Cheapo - £300 Build

  • 1 month ago
  • 4 points

This is awesome! It's great to see someone else recognize that gaming is definitely possible on Linux. I would think this would do well for Xonotic...

This site needs way more Linux Love.

PS: I think I've got a new site to check out - your Linux site you linked...

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Interesting Things To Put In A Case"

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

I quite like system monitor screens!

If the OP is running Linux, it's possible to monitor some temps on an Arduino and screen - use bash to read the device files and send it over serial to the Arduino, where it gets displayed with C++. I know there's ways to do something similar with a GUI monitor program and a Raspberry Pi HDMI monitor on Windows, but I haven't done it myself.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Linux support on modern AMD Ryzen 3 / Intel 9th Gen desktop computers"

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

I can speak very generally to this, as I have run Linux on both 1st and 2nd gen Ryzen (not 3rd gen yet). I'll give you what info I can, because this website is honestly not terribly friendly towards or helpful for nix users (there are some good/helpful users here, but most people don't seem to understand anything beyond M$ Windoze). For a resource regarding using Linux with new hardware, Phoronix tends to be pretty good.

There are two issues I ran into, and you will run into - kernel support, and system/temp monitoring. Both of those will likely be more problematic with a distro like Debian because it leans towards "stable" as opposed to "cutting edge". Some distros will backport kernel modules, but the "easiest" way to get in-kernel support for new hardware is to run a new kernel. Unfortunately, the "easiest" way to do that is a rolling distro (which is a markedly different style than Debian)... As for the system monitoring - it depends on what chip the motherboard uses.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Low Traffic Shaded Minecraft Server"

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

If it's set up correctly, Linux is definitely secure enough for a server. I might learn towards Ubuntu Server if going the Ubuntu Linux route, however - already meant for server use, and no GUI should be needed for a server. CentOS would be another option. The OP would need to know how to set up Ubuntu Server or CentOS properly and how to use a command line, but those are both good skills to have. It's easy enough, and there are enough guides, documentation, and best practices out there to learn from.

Bare bones minimum "special/non-stick" OS setup would probably just be a firewall on the network and machine, chronjob AV scans, disabling root and SSH access, and changing ports from default. Maybe tack on a non-full-admin user with just enough perms to run the server jar, if you want. That probably covers most of the stuff that a decent OS (nix based) doesn't do out of the box, for various reasons. Some of that stuff may already be done anyway. You could do that on Lubuntu fairly quickly. That would make it a lot safer to run a relatively unknown (as in hopefully not widely advertised) internet-facing server from your house, at least compared to just running it on a poorly secured Windows desktop OS.

I would mainly consider OpenBSD and more security measures if the server will be up for a long time (especially unmaintained/unmonitored), or the OP has friends that maybe like pushing limits a little/have a poor concept of boundaries (as in they might try cracking something).

EDIT: do chime in if you can think of other quick and easy OS hardening tips. Those are just what popped in my head at the moment.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Low Traffic Shaded Minecraft Server"

  • 2 months ago
  • 0 points

Look, I've laid out reasoning and an approach. I'm not going to argue with you (or anyone else) over it. Ultimately, your information security is (mostly, in regards to this scenario) in your own hands. Make your environment as secure, or insecure, as you wish. Same advice goes to the OP.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Low Traffic Shaded Minecraft Server"

  • 2 months ago
  • 0 points

Realistically, there's not enough information in the original post. We need to hear from the OP what exactly they are trying to do, so they can be directed to proper resources.

If it's a dedicated, air gapped server on an air gapped LAN that will only be connected to updated and secured computers, sure, those steps are arguably overkill (but still good practice). If it's a server with any kind of direct access from the internet (publically advertised as such or not) it's far more justifiable. The very fact that the OP is questioning if they should upgrade the graphics in the server raises a few red flags that they might not have thought this through fully, or have a clear understanding on how to even do this, let alone do it properly. Like I said earlier, we need to hear from the OP.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Low Traffic Shaded Minecraft Server"

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

I'm not actually suggesting any "extreme extensive security" measures. Frankly, someone who considers running a different OS and a basic security measure to be "extreme" or "extensive" probably shouldn't be running an internet-facing server of any type. If OP agrees with you on that point, I would suggest they rent hosting.

Do remember that we're working off very limited information from the OP. There are a few contextual clues that indicate the OP might not know enough about the proposed task to do it properly, but we just don't know.

In short, good InfoSec is probably best described as "pragmatically paranoid". You could make a good argument that if more people assumed that everything was a threat and took reasonable, but not overburdening, steps to mitigate potential threats, there would be fewer security incidents.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Low Traffic Shaded Minecraft Server"

  • 2 months ago
  • -2 points

No one said he would be buying Windows server. The point is that running a server is not something that should be done halfway.

hosting a server that'd be so popular it'd need lock down security?

That is not a good approach to security. You don't lock stuff down when it becomes a target, you do everything you can to make sure it's not a target in the first place.

I host a couple-player MC server myself, normal Windows 10 works 100% perfectly lol

That might "work", but might also be a huge risk. Just because you can do something doesn't mean you should.

It's a forum post inquiring about an idea. This is the time to promote good practices.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Low Traffic Shaded Minecraft Server"

  • 2 months ago
  • -1 points

I would agree on the RAM side - gone are the days when you could run a couple-player vanilla server off a first-gen Raspberry Pi. I haven't hosted a modded server, but I would imagine most mods wouldn't help RAM consumption (although wouldn't shaders would be client-side, in the rendering engine?)

I suppose an SSD wouldn't hurt anything either (although I don't know where the biggest bottlenecks are loading chunks server-side).

That said, Windows is a bad idea for a couple-player Minecraft server. There's no point to paying large amounts of money for a server grade Windows OS for a few players, and using a desktop Windows build would not be advisable (especially if the server is to have internet exposure, something the OP never clarified). Best bet is likely something far more heavily secured than Windows desktop - possibly OpenBSD with jails (and other security considerations, of course). I'm pretty sure there's a Minecraft compatible Java package for OpenBSD...

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Low Traffic Shaded Minecraft Server"

  • 2 months ago
  • -2 points

Forewarning, I'm assuming you probably don't really know what it takes to run a server (properly and safely). Most people don't. Sorry if it sounds a bit presumptuous.

If it is going to be a server, there's no reason to upgrade the graphics. Run it headless with Linux or BSD and SSH into it. Also - if you have no idea what that means, you shouldn't be running a server out of your house.* Do it properly or don't do it at all. Anything in the middle is a security risk. Quite frankly, it's probably safer to pay for hosting.

If you're going to run a server on the machine and play Minecraft at the same time, a GT 1030 is an "okay" card (probably not amazing for shaders, at least in my experience, but maybe the best you can put in that machine). However, the bit about running the server may get a bit more complex.

Side note - by all means, feel free to try running a Minecraft on a separate (and completely internal) LAN. It's a good way to learn useful sysadmin and networking skills. But if your plan is to buy an old desktop with Windows on it, install a Minecraft server, then port it to the internet, that's a terrible idea and you should just buy hosting somewhere (at least until you've learned the skills to do it safely).

Comment reply on BlackMachDown's Completed Build: I have a problem

  • 2 months ago
  • 2 points

Interesting. I myself have been thinking of going the hypervisor route on a system...

Comment reply on BlackMachDown's Completed Build: I have a problem

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

Why are you thinking about jumping ship to something with more cores? Are you doing something very heavily multithreaded?

Comment reply on Forum Topic "No piracy"

  • 2 months ago
  • 2 points

at this point i just forget the receptionists name and call her manirelli.

I didn't realize it until you posted that, but I don't know the actual name either. It's just manirelli whenever I see that monster.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "I've gone clean"

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

Oh, forgot to answer the question. I don't have a favorite distro. I liked Antergos, but that's gone now :(. I'm testing a couple others.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "I've gone clean"

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

TL;DR; Don't use the command line. It's amazing. Use it.

Let me warn you that Linux is a slippery slope: First, you install Ubuntu. Maybe something breaks, you have to go to the command line... You slowly find yourself getting curious, and keep going back to the command line (why use the GUI when ip addr is so much faster?). You use it more and more. You start writing your own scripts to speed up tasks. You wonder what else you can do on the command line. You hear about distros that don't install a GUI. You install Arch Linux. You start playing with compiling packages. You install Gentoo. You get tired of compiling everything. You switch back to a GUI-based distro. You get tired of the GUI - you are Hackerman, after all. What other OSes are there? Ooh. There's BSDs. You install FreeBSD. You wonder if there are more secure BSDs. You install OpenBSD. You jail everything. You realize you're not even using Linux anymore. Oh. Oops.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Music"

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

You've got some good taste in music. I'm quite partial to death metal (Children of Bodom is a favorite), but that might not be your cup of tea based on the other bands there (seems more rock/(pop) punk). I haven't really found a "gateway" band to death metal - seems to be something of an acquired taste.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "You're trapped a Room you can bring one Album... What do you bring?"

  • 2 months ago
  • 2 points

I definitely have to second this!

Comment reply on Forum Topic "You're trapped a Room you can bring one Album... What do you bring?"

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

Probably I Worship Chaos by Children of Bodom. I think the song "I Worship Chaos" got me hooked on the band, then "Morrigan" got me into the album a little more, now it's my go-to album for commuting. I could probably listen to it for a year.

Comment reply on Daxtinator15's Completed Build: 51 Pounds to 35

  • 2 months ago
  • 1 point

Out of curiosity, what distro are you running? apcupsd is packaged for several distros, so you may be able to use that (I don't know if it's compatible with that exact UPS).

EDIT: Just saw the last photo, OP running Manjaro. There is this page from the Arch wiki...

Comment reply on adaverso's Completed Build: Titan X Pascal Build.

  • 2 months ago
  • 2 points

That's alright! I'm quite the opposite. My latest build I haven't even posted, mainly because I don't want to go to the effort of taking all the photos! Props to you for taking so many photos!

Comment reply on adaverso's Completed Build: Titan X Pascal Build.

  • 2 months ago
  • 4 points

329 photos, 3 word description. It would be cool to hear the story behind the build.

Although, I suppose if a picture is worth a thousand words.... The poster has technically described the build with effectively 329,003 words!

Comment reply on LikenMicks's Completed Build: The Monarch

  • 3 months ago
  • 11 points

PCPP, please, please feature this! Don't make yaboigar burn Shrek (also, it's awesome)!

Only PCPP can prevent Shrek fires

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Dark Mode is here"

  • 3 months ago
  • 2 points

You have just made many a programmer happy. Thank you!

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Wanting to ditch my ATT router and have questions any help appreciated"

  • 3 months ago
  • 1 point

What equipment did ATT give (likely rent) you? If it's a single box, it's not just a router. It also has a modem in it, so you would need to account for that as well if you want to replace it. You don't want to buy a router and then find out you have no place to plug in the phone line or coax cable (I don't know if your ATT is using phone or cable). Do note this is assuming you are dealing directly with ATT's line coming into the house.

Also, your best option for WiFi depends on how much space you are trying to cover and through what materials. I don't know if you have researched mesh networks, but it might be something to read up on depending on your house layout. There are certain use cases where they can be, well, useful.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Can I use Ubuntu or other linux os's to run games?"

  • 3 months ago
  • 2 points

There's something no one else has mentioned yet: gaming on Linux is not limited to Java games (like Minecraft) and Steam. There's a fair number of games in most distros' repositories, and if you can't find it there (or the game is not up to date), you may be able to find it online.

One of my favorite games is Xonotic. You can download it for Linux, Windows, and macOS (not *BSD unfortunately). It's definitely worth checking out if you ever play arena shooters.

Comment reply on Riva's Completed Build: Ryzen All in One!

  • 3 months ago
  • 1 point

+1! I love seeing people using *nix, and relegating Windoh!s to a VM (at most). How easy was the passthrough setup? That is something I've been meaning to do, although the only thing I've been missing from Windows is Planetside 2.

Comment reply on MyBuildsTest's Completed Build: SFF Workstation | Linux/Win

  • 4 months ago
  • 2 points

That gave me a laugh.

Thanks, I was hoping it was worth a laugh.

To Emacs or vim, still part of the same family of OG text editors users.

*nix is family. Long live the command line!

Comment reply on MyBuildsTest's Completed Build: SFF Workstation | Linux/Win

  • 4 months ago
  • 3 points

Sees "Linux"

+1

Sees Arch

+1

EMACS?

:q!

No, seriously, this is great.

Comment reply on emilywilde2009's Completed Build: Mac Convert: Print Graphic Designer: 1st build

  • 6 months ago
  • 1 point

First off, photos are great. Why the RX 580 if you don't play games? I would assume it's so you can if you want?

Also, if you want something closer to a Mac you could try something like Linux or *BSD for the OS. The command line would be very similar, but the GUI would be different. Not sure how much time you spend on the command line as a graphic designer (I would guess none).

There are plenty of photography tools for Linux/*BSD, but no Adobe products that I know of. So it's not going to work for your primary workstation if you rely on Adobe products.

Comment reply on Saxx0510's Completed Build: A Shift in the right direction...

  • 6 months ago
  • 1 point

Good to hear, because I'm kind of planning on putting on a U9S and filling out all the fan mounts with Noctua fans.

Thanks!

Comment reply on Saxx0510's Completed Build: A Shift in the right direction...

  • 6 months ago
  • 2 points

I too have a 2600X in a mITX case (except it's the Thermaltake Core V1), and I'm getting the feeling it's going to be hard to cool.

Comment reply on Quadcapable's Completed Build: SteamPunk Custom PC Copper Watercooling by Quadcapable

  • 8 months ago
  • 1 point

I don't know how I missed this when it went up... This is amazing! Copper water cooling is my favorite!

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Workstations vs Gaming Machines (part analysis, part question)"

  • 9 months ago
  • 1 point

Nifty. I have a soft spot for databases.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Workstations vs Gaming Machines (part analysis, part question)"

  • 9 months ago
  • 1 point

Corporate VMs, as in container servers like Dockers? Most of the devs I know just program on their machine and push it to a server.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Workstations vs Gaming Machines (part analysis, part question)"

  • 9 months ago
  • 1 point

That would be awesome. Some places even sell Linux DVDs to support the distro. It would be nice to see those listed at least.

Comment reply on Forum Topic "Disabling the mobile version of the site"

  • 9 months ago
  • 1 point

A bike building website? Count me in!

Comment reply on noFPS's Completed Build: Razer stage one

  • 9 months ago
  • 1 point

Some improvements, get a graphics card

On the other hand, the poster might not be gaming on the machine, or may only be playing light/old/web games. Which would make a graphics card a pointless purchase.

use 4-8 gb of ram

I would have to agree the RAM choice seems odd, but it is entirely possible the poster's software requirements favor RAM over CPU and GPU power. Even a quadcore with 8 gigs of RAM can run a small virtual machine or two, more VMs with more RAM (RAM is your biggest limitation). So there are situations (albeit specific ones) where the RAM choice is logical.

From my testing and experience, no casual user needs more than 8 gigs of RAM. 4 is even workable with Linux (and presumably BSD, although I have not tested it), but certainly pushing it into swapping territory with most desktops and applications. I wouldn't necessarily recommend 4 gigs for Windows 10.

the case is too expensive, could of gotten a cheaper case to get a better graphics card/cpu. The powersupply is good in general but not for budget builds

The two things that would last the longest over PC many rebuilds are probably the case (as long as it holds enough drives) and a good PSU. I would definitely justify spending a premium on those two, even for "budget" builds (which this may not be).

I understand your going to upgrade it in the future but its not going to be able to do much until you actually get a graphics card.

That's definitely assuming it's a gaming build. It might be a workstation, or it could be a poorly balanced gaming build.

Comment reply on treegemmer's Completed Build: Wood-Grain Bird-Brain

  • 9 months ago
  • 4 points

The wood side panel is great!

Comment reply on drscotthawley's Completed Build: "bengio": deep learning server, spring 2019

  • 9 months ago
  • 2 points

This is awesome! I love seeing workstations, servers, and rendering machines instead of just gaming builds.

Comment reply on danielc84's Completed Build: UV S340

  • 9 months ago
  • 1 point

Haven't seen UV in a while...

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add arrow-down arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up authorcheckmark clipboard combo comment delete discord dots drag-handle dropdown-arrow errorfacebook history inbox instagram issuelink lock markup-bbcode markup-html markup-pcpp markup-cyclingbuilder markup-plain-text markup-reddit menu pin radio-button save search settings share star-empty star-full star-half switch successtag twitch twitter user warningwattage weight youtube